Bipolar Disorder - Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Medically Reviewed by Dr Sravya, MBBS, MS 


Bipolar disorder in males; A Unique challenge

bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder is a mental health disorder that affects millions of people worldwide. We are mainly focusing on bipolar disorders in males, which is a unique challenge.

Bipolar disorders can affect males and females equally, but men present this mental condition in a different way that draws attention. We will see how bipolar disorder is presented in the male population, along with its causes, diagnosis, and treatment. Before going into the details, let’s see what exactly bipolar disorder is.

Table of Contents

What is bipolar disorder

Normally in life, we experience different moods: happy, excited, cheerful, sometimes sad, hopeless, and tearful. Why does this happen? It depends on the situation, whether it’s joy or sorrow in life. But what if the person experiences sudden highs and lows in life without a reason and too severe episodes?
Yes, you guessed it right! It’s a mental condition called bipolar disorder. In this, a person experiences an elevation of mood or sudden depression. This typical period of highs and lows is more severe than what a normal person experiences in today’s life. It’s so severe in the range that the person has a disoriented personality.

There are two types of bipolar disorder:

Out of the two, men are said to be more prone to Bipolar I, where intense manic episodes are observed, whereas women are more likely to experience deep depression manifesting Bipolar II disorder.

What are the causes

The cause of bipolar disorder is not clearly understood, but there are some factors that may contribute to bipolar disorder.

Symptoms of bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder distinctly represents itself. It has a variety of symptoms every person experiences differently; it can also vary as per the intensity and duration. But let’s throw light on some common symptoms of bipolar disorder. It is characterized by typical depressive and manic episodes.

Manic episodes

Depressive episodes

Depressive episodes

Hypomanic episodes

Similar to manic episodes but with less severe symptoms.

Most cases of hypomanic episodes go undiagnosed as they seem normal or are seen as highs of life.
But all these episodes of mania and depression are sometimes mixed and recurrent. It’s important to be aware because they intensify and interfere with daily functioning and quality of life.

Bipolar disorder diagnosis

Bipolar disorder diagnosis typically involves assessment by a mental health professional, such as a psychiatrist or psychologist. Here are the key steps involved in diagnosing bipolar disorder:

Bipolar disorder treatments

Bipolar disorder treatments involve a combination of medication, psychotherapy, and lifestyle adjustments.



Lifestyle Adjustments

Support Network


In conclusion, bipolar disorder affects all, but the expression of the disorder can vary. Early recognition of symptoms, appropriate diagnosis, and
strategic treatment plans are important for effectively managing bipolar disorder in men and improving their overall quality of life. Men need to seek help from mental health professionals and support systems when facing bipolar disorder or any mental health condition.