Embolization of varicocele

Medically Reviewed by Dr Sravya, MBBS, MS 


Embolization of varicocele

A safe medical technique called varicocele embolisation is used to treat the disorder known as varicoceles, in which swollen, enlarged veins grow in the scrotum and frequently cause pain and impair male fertility. Varicoceles can impair blood supply to the testicles, raising scrotal body temperature and impairing sperm production. 

In order to embolize a varicocele, an interventional radiologist with specialised training inserts a thin catheter through a tiny incision, usually in the neck or groyne. The aberrant blood flow is then stopped and redirected to healthier veins using tiny coils or a specific solution that is injected into the varicocele.  In comparison to conventional surgical techniques, this approach has a number of benefits, including a faster recovery, little damage, and a lower chance of problems. It is a beneficial choice for males looking to increase their fertility or find relief from varicocele-related discomfort.

Table of Contents

Embolization of Varicocele:

Embolization of Varicocele Procedure:

a. Particles or Coils: These are used to physically stop the blood flow in the troubled veins, which eventually causes them to close and shrink.

b. Sclerosant: This particular remedy irritates and inflames the inner lining of the veins. The vein closes as a result of the inflammation, and the body then absorbs it.

Benefits of embolisation include:



A minimally invasive surgery called varicocele embolisation can relieve problems brought on by swollen veins in the scrotum. Patients must speak with a healthcare professional in order to choose the best course of action for their unique condition and medical background.

Varicocele embolization cost

Varicocele embolisation costs can vary widely based on a number of factors, including where you receive treatment, who the physician is, how extensive the procedure is, where you live geographically, and if you have health insurance. Giving an accurate estimate is challenging without taking into account these factors.  

It’s important to have a frank conversation about the cost with the healthcare professional or the medical facility. They can give you a more precise estimate depending on the particulars of your situation and area. If you have health insurance, you should also get in touch with your provider to find out what expenses might be covered.

Varicocele embolization side effects

Varicocele embolisation is usually regarded as a safe and efficient method for treating varicoceles, but like any medical operation, it does have certain possible dangers and side effects. An extensive list of potential negative effects and issues related to varicocele embolisation is provided below:

Common side effects:

Less frequent side effects include:

Uncommon Complications: -

Post-Embolization Care:

Guidelines can suggest limiting your activities, managing your pain, and knowing when to see a doctor if you feel severe pain, a fever, excessive bleeding, or other worrying symptoms.

Varicocele embolization success rate

Varicocele embolisation is regarded as a successful treatment option for varicoceles due to its generally high success rate. However, the precise success percentage can change depending on elements including the doctor’s experience, the patient’s choice, the varicocele’s primary cause, and the length of follow-up. Here is a thorough breakdown of the variables affecting varicocele embolization’s success rate:

The following variables affect the success rate:

Recurrence and Success Rate:

Varicocele embolisation has a high success rate, which is frequently estimated to be between 85 and 95 percent. This indicates that the surgery successfully minimises the varicocele’s size and reduces its symptoms. It’s crucial to remember that there is a chance of recurrence over time, especially in cases where the embolisation was ineffective or if new veins form.


In conclusion, varicocele embolisation is a successful and cost-effective alternative to varicocele surgery. This surgery can reduce the pain and suffering associated with varicoceles and possibly improve fertility in those who are affected by varicoceles by stopping abnormal blood flow in the swollen veins. 

Many patients find embolisation to be a desirable alternative due to its advantages of a speedier recovery time, a lower chance of complications, and minimum damage. Although it might not be appropriate in all circumstances, it presents a useful choice for men looking for relief from varicocele symptoms or desire to deal with fertility issues.  It’s crucial to have a conversation with a healthcare professional who understands the patient’s particular needs and circumstances before thinking about embolisation. This method is a significant development in the treatment of varicoceles and emphasises the value of consulting a doctor about this typical male reproductive problem.