What is premature ejaculation? Causes, symptoms, and treatment

Medically Reviewed by Dr Sravya, MBBS, MS 


Premature ejaculation (PE) is a sexual dysfunction that affects life significantly on personal, mental, and sexual levels.  The condition is characterized by the inability to control ejaculation, leading to an orgasm occurring sooner than desired during sexual intercourse. While Premature Ejaculation can be a source of frustration and distress, it’s essential to recognize that effective treatments and strategies are available to manage this condition.

premature ejaculation

Table of Contents

Causes of Premature Ejaculation

There are various underlying causes of PE,  psychological, biological factors or a combination of both. Let’s see in detail some common causes of PE.

Psychological Factors:

Biological factors:

Behavioral factors:

Neurological factors:

Social factors

Effects of Premature Ejaculation

Symptoms of premature ejaculation

Treatment Options for premature ejaculation:

It’s important to note that if Premature Ejaculation becomes a persistent issue and begins to interfere significantly with one’s quality of life, seeking help from a healthcare professional is recommended. A doctor can conduct a thorough assessment, rule out any underlying medical conditions, and recommend appropriate treatment options.


Prematureejaculation is sexual dysfunction. It is not an open discussion topic. It may be frustrating for men to deal with this problem as it is viewed as a weakness or inability on a male part to satisfy his partner. Partners also need to be aware of the fact that it can be treated with proper treatment and emotional support.

Premature ejaculation impacts both physical and emotional well-being understanding the causes, effects, and treatment options is essential for individuals and couples dealing with this condition. A combination of behavioral techniques, counseling, medications, and lifestyle changes makes it possible to manage and overcome premature ejaculation, leading to improved sexual satisfaction and overall relationship quality.