Symptoms of BPH

Medically Reviewed by Dr Sravya, MBBS, MS 


symptoms of BPH

BPH (Benign prostatic hyperplasia) is a very common health issue in males as they age. Benign means non-cancerous, prostatic means related to the prostate (a gland located under the urinary bladder in males), and hyperplasia is an increase in the number of cells causing an organ or a tissue enlargement. Symptoms of BPH are frequent urination, strenuous passing of urine, peeing more often at night, etc.

Table of Contents

What is BPH?

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a condition in which the prostate gland enlarges. The prostate gland begins to grow after 25 years of age
and continues for the rest of a man’s life. When it becomes large enough to press on the urethra, symptoms start showing. The cause of BPH is still unknown, but researchers say that the enlargement can be due to hormonal changes with age.

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia symptoms

Urinary problems are the symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Below is the list showing each of them in detail:

The symptoms of BPH tend to get worse by time but sometimes they remain the same or improve . Nutrition is considered to improve the symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia, therefore, you should consult your doctor and dietician to get a complete diet plan.

Less common symptoms of BPH

Below given are the less common symptoms of BPH that few men experience:

Treatment methods

Treatment will be planned according to the cause of epididymitis.

Conservative approach

Urinate the moment you feel the urge, use the washrooms more frequently to completely empty your bladder, lower fluid intake 2 hours before bedtime, avoid alcohol and caffeine, and avoid medicines like antihistamines and decongestants that prevent the muscles of the urethra and the bladder from relaxing.

Decrease stress, maintain a healthy lifestyle by being active, perform Kegel exercises, and keep yourself warm as cold weather can worsen the symptoms. Medications prescribed by your doctor can help cure the disease as well.

Minimally Invasive Therapy

Transurethral microwave therapy – A flexible tube known as a catheter is inserted and microwaves are transmitted to destroy the prostate tissue. This technique doesn’t cure BPH but it does cure the urinary issues of urgency, frequency, and irregular flow.

Transurethral needle ablation – Needles are inserted in the prostate and high- frequency radio waves are passed through it to destroy prostate tissue. It improves the urine flow

Homium laser enucleation of the prostate – A special laser fiber is used in this technique to destroy the prostate tissue

Surgical approach

When all the above treatments fail to cure the disease, the surgical approach is the final option to go for. The different surgical procedures are as follows

Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) –

An instrument is inserted into the urethra and passed to the prostate where the prostate tissue is sliced and the sliced part is transported to the bladder to be flushed out of the body through urine. This is the most commonly used prostate surgery for extremely symptomatic men.

Transurethral incision of the prostate (TUIP) –

An instrument producing a laser beam is inserted into the urethra and guided to the bladder where the muscles are cut to relax the bladder and increase the urine flow. This procedureis for men with small prostates.

Simple prostatectomy

An incision is made through the abdomen, and the
inner part of the prostate is removed while the outer part is left behind.

Laser surgery –

 Laser beam is used to destroy the prostate tissue.

Who is at risk?

People of older age, having a family history of prostate problems, being overweight, being diabetic, or having any heart disease, are all at risk of
developing BPH.