Testes cancer causes, symptoms, signs, diagnosis and management

Medically Reviewed by Dr Sravya, MBBS, MS 


Cancer starts when cells start to develop out of control. Cells in nearly any part of the body can end up cancerous and unfold to other parts of the body. Testicles are walnut-shaped sex glands that produce sperm and the hormone testosterone. It is a type of cancer that develops in the testicles.  It is also known as Testicular cancer. An increase in cells that start in the testicles is known as testes cancer.

Testes cance

The scrotum contains the testes, often known as the testicles. Under the penis is a loose pouch of skin known as the scrotum. One in every 250 men with testicles will develop testicular cancer over their lives

nevertheless, it’s the most commonplace most cancers amongst humans assigned male at start aged 15 to 35. To recognize this cancer, it enables us to realize approximately the ordinary structure and function of the testicles.

Table of Contents

What are Testicles

The male reproductive system includes the testicles, often known as testicles or testes for a single testicle. Both organs are normally slightly smaller than a golf ball in adult males. They are contained in the scrotum, a pouch of skin. The scrotum hangs below the base of the penis.

Testicles have 2 main functions

Sperm cells are transported from the epididymis to the seminal vesicles during ejaculation via the vas deferens. There, they combine with the fluids produced by the prostate, vesicles, and other glands to create semen. The urethra is the channel in the middle of the penis via which both urine and semen exit the body when this fluid enters.

Types of Testes Cancer

A mass or tumor is created when the testicular germ cells congregate to form in around 90% of all cases of testes cancer. Germ cells eventually develop into sperm. From germ cells, two different forms of testicular cancer develop.

Seminoma and non-seminoma cells can both be seen in some testicular cancer tumors .

Testes Tumour Symptoms

A lump in the testis that causes no pain is the most typical sign of testicular cancer. Other symptoms include

Late-stage testes tumour symptoms

Advanced testes cancer symptoms may include:

Is pain in the testicles a sign of cancer

Yes, but not always. These pain can also occur with other conditions, so don’t panic if you notice them. To be certain, arrange a visit with your provider. A delay in diagnosis allows cancer cells time to spread, making the disease more difficult to treat.

Risk factors for Testes Cancer

Testes cancer risk factors include the following: 

Undescended Testes – the testes typically form in a man’s abdomen and descend into his scrotum during fetal development. An undescended testicle is one or both of your baby’s testicles that are still inside his abdomen.

Testes Causes Cancer

Testes cancer develops when cells multiply faster than usual and eventually form a lump or tumor. What triggers these behaviors in cells is unknown to researchers. They are aware that germ cells frequently develop into testicular cancer.

Diagnosis of Testes Cancer

Tests your doctor uses to diagnose testes cancer may include:

The stages of testes cancer are

Treatment of Testes Cancer

There are three general categories of treatment for testes cancer. Your cancer’s stage will determine the kind of treatment you get. Survival rates for testicular cancer depend on how far the cancer has spread.


To ascertain the cancer’s stage, surgery is performed to remove one or both of your testicles as well as some nearby lymph nodes. This helps guide the treatment plan.

Radiation Therapy

In radiation therapy, high-energy beams are employed to destroy cancer cells. Both inside and outside can receive it.

External beam radiation uses a device that focuses radiation on the cancerous area. Internal radiation involves the use of radioactive seeds or wires placed in the affected area. This form is often successful in the treatment of seminomas.


Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells. It is a systemic treatment, which means it can kill cancer cells that have spread to other parts of your body. When taken orally or intravenously, it can travel through your bloodstream and kill cancer cells.

A stem cell transplant may come after high-dose chemotherapy in patients with testes cancer that are extremely advanced. Once the chemotherapy has destroyed the cancer cells, the stem cells are given and they develop into healthy blood cells.

Complications of Testes Cancer