Testicular Infections - Causes & Treatment

Medically Reviewed by Dr Sravya, MBBS, MS 


Testicular diseases come in a very large variety of forms. The most well-known ailment is probably testicular cancer, but there are a variety of benign diseases that can affect the testes and scrotum and can be anything from unnoticeable to fatal. Testicular infection can be painful and scary, but it is also usually not a sign of anything serious. Still, it's important to know what your options are when it comes to treatment and when you should look for medical attention for testicular infection. It's important to understand that the testicle is a sensitive part. All types, causes, symptoms, and treatment options will be covered in this article for testicular infections.

Table of Contents


A multitude of conditions can cause testicular infection: ovarian cancer. Similar to other cancers, testicular cancer develops when testicular cells experience mutations that lead them to “act up.” The cells could proliferate irrationally and enter places they shouldn’t be. This procedure typically results in a slow-growing, painless lump or hardness in one testis in testicular cancer. The guys themselves typically become aware of it at an early stage.

testicular infections

Testicular cancer is virtually usually treatable if a guy seeks medical assistance at an early stage. Epididymitis is an irritation of the epididymis, which causes pain, swelling, and fever. Hydrocele is a fluid buildup around the testicles, causing swelling in the scrotum and groin area. Testicular torsion is a medical emergency involving a twisted spermatic cord cutting off blood supply to the testicle. Varicocele causes low sperm production and reduces the quality of sperm, which leads to male infertility. Hypogonadism is a condition where the testicles don’t produce enough testosterone, leading to issues like erectile dysfunction, infertility, osteoporosis, depression, fatigue, and hot flashes. Orchitis is inflammation of the testicles, often caused by bacterial or viral infections.

Types of Testicular Infections:

A common ailment, but there are numerous additional minor disorders of the testes and
scrotum that can be anywhere from unnoticeable to fatal. The testicular infections affecting
the testicles and scrotum can take many different forms. Perhaps the most common type of
cancer is testicular cancer. Some of the more common testicular infections and conditions
that affect the testicles and scrotum are:

Testicular Infection Causes:

Causes can be bacterial or viral infections, or sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Bacterial
infection from the affected ipsilateral epididymis spreads locally. In a few cases, the mumps
virus can cause orchitis. We will see the causes of the following testicular infections:

Testicular Infection Symptoms:

These are common symptoms that occur when a person is having any testicular infection:

If the testicles are swollen, other symptoms may also occur, such as:

A person with epididymitis may experience symptoms such as:

testicular infections causes

Treatments for testicular infections:


Acute scrotal pain in children or adult males should always be treated as an acute condition. Timely diagnosis and surgical treatment of spermatic torsion are essential to avoid permanent ischemic damage to the testicle. Fortunately, most medical conditions that cause this syndrome are not urgent. An accurate diagnosis can be made based on medical history, physical examination, and imaging.