Prostatitis : Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

Medically Reviewed by Dr Sravya, MBBS, MS 


Prostatitis is the inflammation of the prostate gland. The prostate gland is a small walnut-sized gland placed below the urinary bladder in men.

Table of Contents

What causes prostatitis?

This condition is caused mainly due to an infection and symptoms mirror that of an inflamed prostate. Since the presentation of prostatitis varies from person to person, NIH (National Institute of Health) has classified it into four types:


What are the symptoms seen in prostatitis?

Symptoms of this condition are commonly experienced by men above the age of 50 years. The chances of experiencing prostate related infections in a man’s lifetime are about 50% whereas only 11-16% consult the doctor for their symptoms.

Symptoms: the symptoms may vary in each category and may also differ in every individual. But overall, commonly observed symptoms per category are as seen in the table.

Category 1
Category 2
Category 3
Category 4
● Sudden onset
● Fever
● Chills
● Pain in the lower abdomen
● Frequent urination
● Urgency while urinating
● Burning sensation while urination
● Nocturia – frequent urination at night
● Body pains
● Symptoms presisting for over 3 months.
● Blocked urine flow
● Frequent and urgent urination.
● Pain in the lower abdomen
● Nocturia
● Cloudy or bloody urine
● Severe pain in the pelvic region including the groin, buttocks, anus, penis, scrotal sac, and lower back.
● Pain while urination
● Weak urine stream
● Increased urination frequency and urgency.
● No symptoms

If you experience any of the above symptoms, it is best to consult the doctor immediately. If left unchecked, it may aggravate your condition and lead to irreversible complications and damage. Complications include:

prostatitis causes

How is prostatitis diagnosed?

Prostatitis : Causes , Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

Depending on the type, the treatment plan is chosen. The overall outline is similar but may vary depending on the condition and symptom severity.

How can I avoid prostatitis?

This infection is highly prevalent in older males and can be painful and debilitating. Prevention is better than cure. Although it may be difficult to prevent it, an attempt can always be made. Here are some tips to avoid the prostatitis experience: